Conclusion The potential for contracting a microbial pathogen is

Conclusion The potential for contracting a microbial pathogen is highest within a hospital environment and hospital acquired infections are significant contributors to morbidity and mortality. Despite the lack of direct evidence to prove that environmental contaminants are responsible for hospital acquired infections, there is an increasing evidence suggesting that the environment may act as a reservoir for at least some of the pathogens causing nosocomial infections. This

work showed that many different bacterial PF-6463922 datasheet species can persist on surfaces for months and years. The level of bacterial contamination was related with the selleck presence of humidity on GF120918 mouse the surface, and tap water (biofilm) was a point of dispersion of bacterial species, usually involved in nosocomial infections as Pseudomonas

aeruginosa, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and Enterococcus feacalis. Their presence in the environment, as it seems to be pointed by the analysis of the diversity, increases the risk of transmission to the different materials during hand manipulation. Methods Sampling (ICU, Medicine I, Medicine II and Urology) The study was carried out at the Hospital de Faro, Portugal, which serves a resident population of about 253 thousand people and this value may double or triple the population seasonally (in http://​www.​hdfaro.​min-saude.​pt/​site/​index.​php). Between January 2010 and

September, 2011, the hospital was evaluated 12 times (sampled each two months) and four different wards were investigated for environmental contamination of the following surfaces and equipment: sink, tap (biofilm), surface countertop and workbench of the nurses area, shower (and handrail), bedside table, handrail bed (including bed), serum support, oxygen flask, stethoscope, equipment at bedside, other medical equipment, tray used by nurses, hand gel/soap, table (meal and work). The equipment considered in this study is included in the category of noncritical hospital objects and surfaces. These items have been many said to pose no risk to patients, nevertheless, these surfaces and equipment are frequently touched by hand can contribute to the spread of healthcare-associated pathogens as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphilococus aureus, or Acinetobacter baumanii. The evaluation was performed in wards of the Medical Unit I and II, Urology and Intensive Care Unit. Samples were collected in the wards, always in the same period of the day, at the end of the morning and during lunch time, after the medical visits and treatments, and also sometime after a ward cleaning. Swabs were used for collecting the organisms present in an area of 10X10 cm of each surface. Taps were sampled by removing the biofilm.

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