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in data analysis and manuscript preparation; RDF-project oversight; SNP-project design, manuscript contribution and project oversight. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.”
“Background Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (Map) causes paratuberculosis or Johne’s disease, a fatal chronic granulomatous enteritis. The disease occurs worldwide and is responsible for significant economic losses to livestock and associated industries [1, 2]. It is endemic in Europe with only Sweden maintaining paratuberculosis-free status. The epidemiology is poorly understood and there are important questions still to resolve, particularly with respect to interspecies transmission. Map infects principally ruminants but over the past decade it has become apparent that the organism has a much broader host range including monogastric species [3–5].