J Phys Chem B 1999,103(11):1789–1793.CrossRef 25. Si
Y, Samulski ET: Synthesis of water soluble graphene. Nano Lett 2008,8(6):1679–1682.CrossRef 26. Dreyer DR, Park S, Bielawski CW, Ruoff RS: The chemistry of graphene oxide. Chem Soc Rev 2009,39(1):228–240.CrossRef Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Authors’ contributions XW and PH participated in the preparation of GOs and GO nanosheets. HL and CL participated in the characterization of GOs and GO nanosheets. JNK-IN-8 in vivo GS and DC participated in the design and coordination of this study. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.”
“Background III-V compound semiconductor nanowires (NWs) such as InN  and GaN [2, 3] NWs are currently being investigated in view of their potential Pictilisib cost application as nanoscale optoelectronic devices for solid state lighting and solar energy conversion. Wortmannin mw However,
their distinct disadvantage is their high cost. Low cost, viable alternatives are therefore desirable and interesting from a technological and fundamental point of view. To date, there are very few investigations on II-V or IV-V nitrides such as Zn3N2 and Sn3N4 NWs, in contrast to the extensive research that has been carried out on their metal-oxide (MO) counterparts, i.e. ZnO  and SnO2 NWs . More specifically, Sn3N4 NWs [6, 7] with diameters of 100 nm and lengths of 1 to 2 μm were only obtained recently by halide chemical vapour deposition. On the other hand Zn3N2
NWs have been Reverse transcriptase grown by Zong et al.  via the direct reaction of Zn with 250 sccms of NH3 at 600°C. The Zn3N2 NWs had diameters ≈100 nm, lengths between 10 and 20 μm, and were dispersed in Zn. Irregular, Zn3N2 hollow-like spheres with diameters of ≈3 μm were also obtained under identical growth conditions . Similarly Zn3N2 nanoneedles have been prepared by Khan et al.  and by Khan and Cao  who found an indirect energy band gap of 2.81 eV. In contrast, Zn3N2 layers  have been studied in more detail, while p-type ZnO layers have been prepared by thermal oxidation of Zn3N2 which is important since ZnO is usually n-type due to oxygen defects. It should be noted, however, that p-type ZnO layers have also been obtained by nitrogen doping of ZnO using small flows of NH3[14, 15], which is a topic of active interest since nitrogen is considered to be a shallow-like, p-type impurity in ZnO. In this case, no changes occur in the crystal structure of ZnO. Recently, we carried out a systematic investigation of the post-growth nitridation of ZnO NWs and the changes that occurred in the crystal structure using moderate flows of NH3 and temperatures ≤600°C. These favour the formation of ZnO/Zn3N2 core-shell NWs since we were able to observe not only the suppression of the XRD peaks related to ZnO but also the emergence of new ones corresponding to the cubic crystal structure of Zn3N2.