Anti TSG101 mAb and Sec31A mAb were from Gene Tex and BD Transduction Laboratories, respectively. Preparation of anti Alix pAb was described previously. Signals of Western blotting were detected by the chemiluminescence method selleck chem and analyzed with LAS 3000mini. Cell culture, DNA transfection and cell death assays Constructs of pcDNA3 ALG 2 RNAiR and pcDNA3 ALG 2GF122 RNAiR that express Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries RNAi resistant ALG 2 mRNAs were obtained by transferring EcoRI Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries XhoI frag ments to the pcDNA3 vector from their previously con structed expression vectors of FLAG tagged versions. Construction of pcDNA3 ALG 2F122A RNAiR was per formed by site directed mutagenesis using pcDNA3 ALG 2 RNAiR as a template and the primers listed in Additional file 2, Table S4.
An ALG 2 knockdown HeLa cell line was established by Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries expression of the short hairpin RNA specific for ALG 2 mRNA as described previously. One day after the cells had been seeded, they were transfected with the expression plasmid DNAs by using FuGENE6. After 24 h, aliquots of cell suspensions were transferred to a 24 well plate, incubated for 24 h, and then treated with or without 1 uM staurosporine for 24 h. Cell mortality was measured by quantifying the amount of lactate dehydro genase released from dead cells using the Cyto Tox96 Non Radioactive Cytotoxicity Assay according to the manufacturers instructions. Total amount of LDH per sample was measured by lysing cells in 0. 5 ml culture by adding the provided 10�� Lysis buffer containing 9% Triton X 100. Background Asparagine linked glycosylation of pro teins is the most ubiquitous post translational modifica tion in eukaryotes, all archaea, and some eubacteria.
Oligosaccharyltransferase Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries catalyzes the transfer of an oligosaccharide chain from a lipid linked oligosac charide donor to the asparagine residues in the N glycosylation sequon, Asn X Ser Thr. In higher eukaryotes, OST is a multi subunit and membrane associated protein complex, whereas the OSTs from lower eukaryotes, archaea and eubacteria are single subunit membrane proteins. The catalytic subunit of the OST enzyme is the only subunit conserved evolutionally across the three domains of life, and it is referred to as STT3 in eukary otes, AglB in archaea, and PglB in eubacteria. The STT3 AglB PglB proteins share a common overall architecture, con sisting of an N terminal multi spanning transmembrane region and a C terminal globular domain.
Despite the very low overall sequence identity, multiple sequence align ments revealed a few Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries short conserved motifs two diacidic DXD motifs in the N terminal Z-DEVD-FMK? transmembrane region, and a well conserved 5 residue WWDYG motif in the C terminal globular domain. We previously deter mined the crystal structures of the C terminal globular domains of four AglB proteins and one PglB protein.