First, descriptive statistics were calculated. Second, bivariate relationships were examined
PLX3397 between the independent and dependent variables using correlation coefficients, t-tests, or Pearson’s chi-square statistics. Next all caregivers and children who reported one or more asthma medication problems immediately after the visit were separately selected. The extent to which these caregivers and children asked: (1) any asthma medication question, (2) an asthma medication device technique question, (3) a frequency/timing of use question, (4) a quantity/supply question, or (5) a side-effect question during the visit were described. Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) were used to predict whether caregivers and children asked one or more asthma medication questions during their medical visits. Ku-0059436 chemical structure All GEEs were clustered by provider. Finally, whether caregivers and children who reported one or more medication problems immediately after the medical visit still reported the medication
problem 1 month later at the home visit was described. The five participating clinics were all primary care paediatric practices. Forty-one providers agreed to participate in the study. Two providers refused, resulting in a participation rate of 95.3%. Of the families who approached the research assistant to learn more about the study, 88% agreed to participate. In all, 296 patients had useable audiotape data and these patients were seen by 35 of the 41 providers who agreed to participate in
the study. Out of these 296 children (88%), 259 completed a home visit interview approximately 1 month after their audiotaped medical visit. Four of the 35 providers were nurse practitioners or physician assistants and they saw 17 of the participating children. The 31 other providers were physicians. The providers were 51% female. Twenty-seven of the providers were white, two were American Indian, three were African American, one was Asian, and two classified their race as other. Providers ranged in age from 30–70 years (mean = 44.8 years, standard deviation = 9.4). Table 1 presents the child and caregiver demographic characteristics. A controller medication was being oxyclozanide used by 83% of patients. Control medications included inhaled corticosteroids, leukotriene modifiers, cromolyn, nedocromil, or a long-acting beta agonist. Among those caregivers who reported one or more asthma medication problems (n = 179), only 35% asked at least one medication-related question during the visit (Table 2). In contrast, only 49% of caregivers who reported difficulty getting refills on time asked a question about quantity/medication supply. Similarly, only 13% of caregivers who reported problems with side effects asked one or more questions about side effects and only 15% of caregivers who reported a device technique problem asked at least one question about their child’s asthma medication device technique.