Further, greater CPM waning in the CPM-sequential series was corr

Further, greater CPM waning in the CPM-sequential series was correlated with less reported extent of pain reduction by episodic medication (r = 0.493, P = .028). Migraineurs have subtle deficits in endogenous

pain modulation which requires a more challenging test protocol than the commonly used single CPM. Waning of CPM response seems to reveal this pronociceptive state. The clinical relevance of the CPM waning effect is highlighted by its association with clinical parameters of migraine. “
“Prion protein, a sialoglycoprotein with neuroprotective properties on oxidative stress damage, has been related with the mechanisms leading to migraine. In the present case-control study, we investigated the correlation between the common methionine/valine polymorphism at codon 129 within the prion protein gene (PRNP) and migraine. Genotyping of PRNP V129M variant was performed in 384 migraine patients and 185 age-, sex-, and race-ethnicity-matched EGFR inhibitor healthy controls. The frequencies of the PRNP V129M genotype did not differ significantly between

migraineurs and controls. The frequencies of 129VV genotype were significantly higher in patients with earlier age at migraine onset. No correlation was found between PRNP 129 genotype and demographics, and U0126 other clinical migraine features. Our data suggest that the PRNP 129VV polymorphism is not a direct migraine risk factor but is significantly associated with an earlier onset of the disease. “
“Objective.— To investigate the alteration of hippocampal long-term plasticity and basal synaptic transmission induced medchemexpress by repetitive cortical spreading depressions (CSDs). Background.— There is a relationship between migraine aura and amnesia attack. CSD, a state underlying migraine attacks, may be responsible for hippocampus-related symptoms. However, the precise role of CSD on hippocampal activity has not been investigated. Methods.— Male Wistar rats were divided into CSD and control groups. Repetitive CSDs were induced in vivo by topical application of solid KCl.

Forty-five minutes later, the ipsilateral hippocampus was removed, and hippocampal slices were prepared for a series of electrophysiological studies. Results.— Repetitive CSDs led to a decrease in the magnitude of long-term potentiation in the hippocampus. CSD also reduced hippocampal synaptic efficacy, as shown by a reduction in post-synaptic α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor responses. In contrast, the post-synaptic N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor responses remained unchanged. In addition, there were no changes in paired-pulse profiles between the groups, indicating that CSD did not induce any presynaptic alterations. Conclusion.— These findings suggest that a reduction of post-synaptic α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor responses is the mechanism responsible for impaired hippocampal long-term potentiation induced by CSD.

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