However, its judicious use helps in the assessment
of selected patients with PI associated with chronic infective or inflammatory disease. SCIG is becoming well established as a viable alternative to IVIG for patients with primary antibody deficiency. SCIG is as efficacious as IVIG in infection prophylaxis and in achieving satisfactory serum IgG levels as has been demonstrated in several recent key clinical studies of a 16% SCIG versus IVIG formulation. A total of 158 patients with PI were assessed in three different studies and no difference in mean infection scores and in duration of infections was observed for SCIG versus IVIG [3,24,25]. Of particular interest is that for European-based studies, the Vivaglobin® dose given Selleck MK2206 is equivalent when switching patients from IVIG to SCIG, whereas in North American studies the United States
Food and Drug Administration (US FDA) requires the initial SCIG dose at switching to be 1·37 times the previous IVIG dose, in order to achieve a similar area under the IgG concentration–time curve. Despite this, no difference between the rate of SBIs was observed in these European versus North American studies. check details There were, however, differences in the overall infection rate, an observation which should generate further evaluation. The European Hizentra trial showed that an increase in IgG dose upon switching from IVIG to SCIG is not necessary
to maintain a low frequency of SBIs, but is beneficial in reduction of the rate of non-serious infections and the associated rates of hospitalization and antibiotic use . As SCIG is given more frequently in smaller doses compared with IVIG, it allows increasing the total monthly dose more easily without risk of compromising tolerability. Additionally, SCIG has a very favourable AE profile. In contrast to IVIG, there have been no reports of associated renal impairment, aseptic meningitis or anaphylaxis. Moreover, SCIG has been used successfully in cases of IVIG-induced anaphylaxis associated with anti-IgA antibodies. In a recent US study, 49 patients previously on IVIG were switched to IgPro20, a 20% liquid SCIG stabilized Liothyronine Sodium with l-proline . No SBIs (defined as per US FDA criteria) were observed and the rate of non-serious infections was low (2·76 infections/patient/year). Subcutaneous administration allows infusion of up to 1·2 g/kg/month and a 20% SCIG formulation enables administration of even higher doses . Furthermore, SCIG therapy results in more stable serum IgG levels over time, as smaller doses are given more frequently compared to the larger IVIG boluses given every 3–4 weeks . A maintenance of serum IgG levels can be achieved with SCIG even with a reduction in total monthly dose compared to the previously IVIG administered dose .