Shen X, Allen PB, Muckerman JT, Davenport JW, Zheng JC: Wire versus tube: stability of small one dimensional ZnO nanostructures. Nano Lett 2007, 7:2267–2271.https://www.selleckchem.com/products/KU-55933.html CrossRef 7. Zhou Z, Li Y, Liu L, Chen Y, Zhang SB, Chen Z: Size- and surface-dependent stability, electronic properties, and potential as
chemical sensors: computational studies on one-dimensional ZnO nanostructures. J Phys Chem C 2008, 112:13926.CrossRef 8. Ozgür U, Alivov Ya I, Liu C, Teke A, Reshchikov MA, Doan S, Avrutin V, Cho SJ, Morkoc HA: A comprehensive review of ZnO materials and devices. J. Appl. Phys 2005, 98:041301.CrossRef 9. Kim KK, Kim HS, Hwang DK, Lim JH, Park SJ: Realization of p-type ZnO thin films via phosphorus doping and thermal activation of the dopant. Appl Phys Lett 2003, 83:63–65.CrossRef GSK461364 chemical structure 10. Ryu YR, Zhu S, Look DC, Wrobel JM, Jeong HM, White selleck kinase inhibitor HW: Synthesis of p-type ZnO films. J Cryst Growth 2000, 216:330–334.CrossRef 11. Park CH, Zhang SB, Wei SH: Origin of p-type doping difficulty
in ZnO: the impurity perspective. Phys Rev B 2002, 66:073202.CrossRef 12. Wardle MG, Goss JP, Briddon PR: Theory of Li in ZnO: a limitation for Li-based p-type doping. Phys Rev B 2005, 71:155205.CrossRef 13. Yan YF, Al-Jassim MM, Wei SH: Doping of ZnO by group-IB elements. Appl Phys Lett 2006, 89:181912.CrossRef 14. Bian JM, Li XM, Gao XD, Yu WD: Deposition and electrical properties of N–In codoped p-type ZnO films by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis. Appl Phys Lett 2004, 84:541–543.CrossRef 15. Ahn KS, Yan YF, Shet S, Todd D: Enhanced photoelectrochemical responses of ZnO films through Acyl CoA dehydrogenase Ga and N codoping. Appl Phys Lett 2007, 91:231909.CrossRef
16. Wu MH, Pei Y, Zeng XC: Planar tetracoordinate carbon strips in edge decorated graphene nanoribbon. J Am Chem Soc 2010, 132:5554–5555.CrossRef 17. Li YL, Zhao X, Fan WL: Structural, electronic, and optical properties of Ag-doped ZnO nanowires: first principles study. J Phys Chem C 2011, 115:3552–3557.CrossRef 18. Usuda M, Hamada N, Kotani T, Van Schilfgaared M: All-electron GW calculation based on the LAPW method: application to wurtzite ZnO. Phys Rev B 2002, 66:125101.CrossRef 19. Zhang YG, Zhang GB, Wang YX: First-principles study of the electronic structure and optical properties of Ce-doped ZnO. J Appl Phys 2011, 109:063510.CrossRef 20. Xie FW, Yang P, Li P, Zhang LQ: First-principle study of optical properties of (N, Ga) codoped ZnO. Opt Commun 2012, 285:2660–2664.CrossRef Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Authors’ contributions P-JW and C-WZ conceived the idea and designed the calculated model. X-YF carried out the electronic structure calculations and data analysis. X-JX performed the analysis method of optical properties. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.”
“Background In modern agriculture, various agrochemicals such as pesticides, herbicides, and plant regulators are widely used for effective pest management and ensuring optimum crop yield.