2007) However, the overall results of these three studies seem i

2007). However, the overall results of these three studies seem inconsistent and none of the reported findings have been replicated. For example, a second case/control study

of breast cancer cases and organochlorine traces did not find a relationship between breast cancer and dieldrin concentrations in serum (Ward et al. 2000). As mentioned earlier, the Pernis plant is one of the few plants that produced dieldrin and aldrin and has the longest record of producing these substances. Therefore the cohort of 570 workers employed at this plant provides a unique opportunity to assess the potential long-term health risk in a population with a high occupational exposure to dieldrin and aldrin. Furthermore, it is the only cohort of its kind where detailed exposure assessment by industrial hygiene data and matching biological monitoring data is available. This exposure assessment was published in detail by de Jong LGX818 (1991). This study provided

data on individual exposures over the years of employment for all subjects who had been employed in the Pernis plants between 1954 (when dieldrin and aldrin production and formulation in this plant began) and 1970. Mortality data from this cohort have been updated and previously assessed Tucidinostat by de Jong et al. (1997) and Swaen et al. (2002). With this final update, data are made available with a mean follow-up of 38 years (ranges from 1 to 52 years). Therefore, this update provides a unique opportunity to assess the potential effects

on overall and cause-specific mortality from dieldrin and aldrin with an extended latency period. Methods Study population The population consisted of 570 male employees who worked for at least 1 year in one of the units of the pesticide production plants at Pernis between 1 January 1954 and 1 January 1970. The production plant consisted mainly of Tangeritin an intermediates production plant, an aldrin production plant, a dieldrin production plant and a formulation plant where the final products were mixed and diluted in such a way that they became suitable for agricultural use by customers. Static air sampling in 1958, 1959 and 1960 indicated that the air concentrations in the plant were usually a factor of 5–10 below the threshold limit value as a time weighted average (TLV–TWA) level of 0.25 mg/m3. However, some tasks, such as drum filling, resulted in exposure concentrations as high as 4 mg/m3. Because of the importance of skin contact to absorption, ambient air measurements are not thought to give an appropriate reflection of exposure. Therefore, https://www.selleckchem.com/products/fosbretabulin-disodium-combretastatin-a-4-phosphate-disodium-ca4p-disodium.html estimations of total intake by means of biomonitoring data are regarded as far superior to ambient air monitoring within the given context. An extensive set of biomonitoring data on these workers is available. In the 1960s, several industrial hygiene and biological monitoring programs had been conducted.

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