This evidence suggests that the putative pollinators – small beet

This evidence suggests that the putative pollinators – small beetles and weevils – effectively

contribute to pollen dispersal and help to maintain a high outcrossing rate even during sporadic flowering events. However, the reduction in pollen donors during a sporadic event results in a reduction in effective pollen donors, which should lead to lower genetic diversity in the next generation derived from seeds produced during such an event. Although sporadic flowering has been considered less effective for outcrossing in Shorea species that depend on thrips for their pollination, effective pollen dispersal by the small beetles and weevils ensures outcrossing during periods of low flowering tree density, as occurs in a sporadic flowering event.”
“OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relation between the Computed tomography (CT) densities, sizes of otosclerotic foci, and the bone conduction threshold (BC) and air bone gap (ABG) in cases of otosclerosis as well as between the lesions sizes and their CT densities. MATERIALS and METHODS: We included CT examinations of the temporal bones of 25 patients (34 ears, 9 cases were VX-809 ic50 bilateral) with clinical and audiological diagnosis of otosclerosis. We measured the otosclerotic

foci in their maximum dimensions as well as their CT densities and correlated them to the BC thresholds and ABG. We also studied the correlation between the sizes of the otosclerotic foci and their CT densities. RESULTS: There were no significant statistical correlations between the lesion size or CT density to either the BC or ABG in any GSI-IX of the CT grades of otosclerosis or any statistical correlation between the CT density and lesion size in any of the grades of otosclerosis. CONCLUSION: CT is essential, in addition to clinical and audiological tests, in confirming the diagnosis of otosclerosis; however, neither the sizes of the lesions nor their CT densities correlate with the hearing deficit. The

lesions sizes do not correlate to their CT densities, and there is no statistically significant difference in CT densities of early and extensive grades.”
“In this study, in vitro anti-leishmanial activity of buparvaquone was evaluated against promastigotes and intracellular amastigotes of Pakistani Leishmania tropica isolate KWH23 in relation to the current standard chemotherapy for leishmaniasis (sodium stibogluconate, sodium stibogluconate, amphotericin B and miltefosine). For buparvaquone, mean % inhibition in intracellular amastigotes at four different concentrations (1.35 mu M, 0.51 mu M, 0.17 mu M and 0.057 mu M) was 78%, 44%, 20% and 14% respectively, whereas, against promastigotes it was 89%, 77%, 45% and 35% respectively. IC50 values calculated to estimate the anti-leishmanial activity of buparvaquone against intra-cellular amastigotes and promastigotes was 0.53 mu M (95% C.I. = 0.32-0.89) and 0.15 mu M (95% C.I. = 0.01-1.84) respectively.

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