Bull Ecol Soc Am 80:231–234CrossRef Scarascia-Mugnozza G, Oswald H, Piussi P, Radoglou K (2000) Forests of the Mediterranean region: gaps in knowledge and research needs. For Ecol Manag 132:97–109CrossRef Schnitzler A, Hale BW, Alsum EM (2007) Examining native and exotic species diversity in European riparian forests. Biol Conserv
138:146–156CrossRef Schröter D, Cramer W, Leemans R, Prentice C, Araújo MB, Arnell NW, Bondeau A, Bugmann H, Carter TR, Gracia CA, Vega-Leinert ACdl, Erhard M, Ewert F, Glendining M, House JI, Kankaanpää S, Klein RJT, Lavorel S, compound screening assay Lindner M, Metzger MJ, Meyer J, Mitchell TD, Reginster I, Rounsevell M, Sabaté S, Sitch S, Smith B, Smith J, Smith P, Sykes MT, Thonicke K, Thuiller W, Tuck G, Zaehle S, Zierl B (2005) Ecosystem service supply and vulnerability to global change in Europe. Science 310:1333–1337CrossRefPubMed Spackman SC, Hughes JW (1994) Assessment of minimum stream corridor width for biological conservation: species richness and distribution along mid-order streams in Vermont, USA. Biol Conserv 71:325–332CrossRef Tabacchi E, Correll DL, Hauer R, Pinay G, Planty-Tabacchi A-M, Wissmar RC (2002) Development, maintenance and role of riparian vegetation in the river landscape. Freshw Biol 40:497–516CrossRef Vallentine JF (2001) Grazing management. Academic Press, San Diego selleck inhibitor Virgós E (2001) Relative value of riparian
woodlands in landscapes with different forest cover for medium-sized Iberian carnivores. Biodiv Conserv 10:1039–1049CrossRef
Williams P, Whitfield M, Biggs J, Bray S, Fox G, Nicolet P, Sear D (2003) Comparative biodiversity of rivers, streams, ditches and ponds in an agricultural landscape in Southern England. Biol Conserv 115:329–341CrossRef Zar JH (1999) Biostatistical analysis. New Jersey”
“Introduction There is a lot of ongoing debate regarding the explanation of plant and animal diversification in the Amazon basin and adjacent Guianas. Several historical biogeographic scenarios have been suggested (e.g. Haffer 1997, 2008; Hall and Harvey 2002; Noonan and Wray 2006). This paper focuses on the disturbance vicariance hypothesis (DV), which is described by Bush (1994), Noonan and Gaucher (2005) and Haffer (2008) derived from MYO10 pollen analyses and patterns of species phylogenies. DV explains incomplete speciation in taxa on the eastern Guiana Shield due to relatively short phases of climate change during Pleistocene. During interglacials, cool-adapted species were retracted to higher elevations and allopatric speciation started, a process which was interrupted (‘disturbed’) as renewed glacials allowed for secondary contact via lowlands. Such a scenario, for instance, is suggested for caesalpinioid trees (Dutech et al. 2003) or bufonid and dendrobatid frogs (Noonan and Gaucher 2005, 2006). According to Bush (1994) and Noonan and Gaucher (2005), cool-adapted Guiana Shield taxa, which have undergone DV, are of Andean origin.